SMBE Council

Laura Landweber, President

Departments of Biochemistry & Molecular Biophysics and Biological Sciences

Columbia University, New York, NY 10032

Laura.Landweber@columbia.edu

 

Bill Martin, President-Elect (& Editor-in-chief, Genome Biology and Evolution)

Institut for Molecular Evolution

Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Universitätsstr.1, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany

bill@hhu.de

 

George Zhang, Past-President

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

University of Michigan, Natural Science Bldg, 830 N University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109

jianzhi@umich.edu

 

David Pollock, Secretary

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Building 500, 13001 E. 17th Place, Campus Box C290, Aurora, CO 80045

secretary.smbe@gmail.com

 

Juliette de Meaux, Treasurer

Institute of Botany

University of Cologne, Zulpicher str. 47b, D-50674 Cologne, Germany

treasurer.smbe@gmail.com

 

Kateryna Makova, Councillor (2015-2017)

Department of Biology

Director, Center for Medical Genomics, Pennsylvania State University

310 Wartik Lab, University Park, PA 16802

kmakova@bx.psu.edu

 

Emma Teeling, Councillor (2015-2017)

School Of Biology & Environment Science

Science Centre – West, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland

emma.teeling@ucd.ie

 

Maud Tenaillon, Councillor (2016–2018)

Quantitative Genetics and Evolution - Le Moulon INRA

University of Paris-Sud, CNRS, AgroParisTech, Université Paris-Saclay F-91190, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

tenaillon@moulon.inra.fr

 

Adam Eyre-Walker, Councillor (2016–2018)

School of Life Sciences

University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9QG, United Kingdom

a.c.eyre-walker@sussex.ac.uk

 

Joanna Masel, Councillor (2017-2019)

Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology

University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721

masel@u.arizona.edu

 

Jay Storz, Councillor (2017-2019)

School of Biological Sciences

University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588

jstorz2@unl.edu

 

Sudhir Kumar, ex officio (Editor-in-chief, Molecular Biology and Evolution)

Intitute for Genomics & Evolutionary Medicine (iGEM)

Department of Biology, Temple Univeristy, 1925 N. 12th St, Philadelphia, PA 19122

s.kumar@asu.edu


SMBE Past Councils

Year President President-Elect Past-President Secretary Treasurer Councillors Ex Officio Councillors 
 2016 George Zhang Laura Landweber Joe Felsenstein
James McInerney
Juliette de Meaux
  • Maud Tenaillon
  • Adam Eyre-Walker
  • Sandra Baldauf
  • David Liberles
  • Emma Teeling
  • Kateryna Makova

  • Sudhir Kumar
  • Bill Martin

2015 Joe Felsenstein George Zhang Brandon Gaut James McInerney  Juliette de Meaux  

  • Marta Wayne
  • Harmit Malik
  • Sandra Baldauf
  • David Liberles
  • Emma Teeling
  • Kateryna Makova


Marta Wayne
Harmit Malik
Sandra Baldauf
David Liberles
Emma Teeling 
Katerina Makova
Marta Wayne
Harmit Malik
Sandra Baldauf
David Liberles
Emma Teeling 
Katerina Makova

  • Sudhir Kumar
  • Bill Martin


2014 Brandon Gaut Joe Felsenstein Sudhir Kumar James McInerney Aoife McLysaght
  • Laurent Duret
  • Yoko Satta
  • Marta Wayne
  • Harmit Malik
  • Sandra Baldauf
  • David Liberles
 
2013 Sudhir Kumar Brandon Gaut Charles Aquadro James McInerney Aoife McLysaght
  • Soojin Yi
  • Laurent Duret
  • Yoko Satta
  • Marta Wayne
  • Harmit Malik
 
2012 Charles Aquadro Sudhir Kumar Ken Wolfe Manyuan Long Aoife McLysaght
  • Robin Bush
  • Soojin Yi
  • Laurent Duret
  • Yoko Satta
 
2011 Ken Wolfe Charles Aquadro Jody Hey Manyuan Long John Archibald
  • Dan Graur
  • Robin Bush
  • Soojin Yi
 
2010 Jody Hey Ken Wolfe Michael Lynch Manyuan Long John Archibald
  • Ziheng Yang
  • Dan Graur
  • Robin Bush
 
2009 Michael Lynch Jody Hey Paul Sharp George Zhang John Archibald
  • Laura Landweber
  • Ziheng Yang
  • Dan Graur
 
2008 Paul Sharp Michael Lynch Deborah Charlesworth George Zhang Marta L. Wayne
  • Charles Aquadro
  • Laura Landweber
  • Ziheng Yang
 
2007 Deborah Charlesworth Paul Sharp Montserrat Aguade George Zhang Marta L. Wayne
  • Michael Lynch
  • Charles Aquadro
  • Laura Landweber
 
2006 Montserrat Aguade Deborah Charlesworth Jeffrey R. Powell Sudhir Kumar Marta L. Wayne
  • Laura Katz
  • Michael Lynch
  • Charles Aquadro
 
2005 Jeffrey R. Powell Montserrat Aguade John C. Avise Sudhir Kumar Marta L. Wayne
  • Jody Hey
  • Laura Katz
  • Michael Lynch
 
2004 John C. Avise Jeffrey R. Powell Naoyuki Takahata Sudhir Kumar Marta L. Wayne
  • Brian Golding
  • Jody Hey
  • Laura Katz
 
2003 Naoyuki Takahata John C. Avise Michael T. Clegg Marcy K. Uyenoyama Marta L. Wayne
  • Howard Ochman
  • Brian Golding
  • Jody Hey
 
2002 Michael T. Clegg Naoyuki Takahata Daniel L. Hartl Marcy K. Uyenoyama Richard C. Hudson
  • Montserrat Aguade
  • Howard Ochman
  • Brian Golding
 
2001 Daniel L. Hartl Michael T. Clegg Wen-Hsiung Li Marcy K. Uyenoyama Richard C. Hudson
  • Tomoko Ohta
  • Montserrat Aguade
  • Howard Ochman
 
2000 Wen-Hsiung Li Daniel L. Hartl Andrew G. Clark Marcy K. Uyenoyama Richard C. Hudson
  • Pekka Pamilo
  • Tomoko Ohta
  • Montserrat Aguade
 
1999 Andrew G. Clark Wen-Hsiung Li Richard C. Lewontin Marcy K. Uyenoyama Richard C. Hudson
  • Wilfred W. de Jong
  • Pekka Pamilo
  • Tomoko Ohta
 
1998 Richard C. Lewontin Andrew G. Clark David Penny Linda D. Strausbaugh Richard C. Hudson
  • W. Ford Doolittle
  • Wilfred W. de Jong
  • Pekka Pamilo
 
1997 David Penny Richard C. Lewontin Margaret G. Kidwell Linda D. Strausbaugh Richard C. Hudson
  • Maryellen Ruvolo
  • W. Ford Doolittle
  • Wilfred W. de Jong
 
1996 Margaret G. Kidwell David Penny Wesley M. Brown Linda D. Strausbaugh Richard C. Hudson
  • Ross A. Crozier
  • Maryellen Ruvolo
  • W. Ford Doolittle
 
1995 Wesley M. Brown Margaret G. Kidwell Masatoshi Nei Linda Maxson Richard C. Hudson
  • Ross A. Crozier
  • Maryellen Ruvolo
 
1994 Masatoshi Nei Wesley M. Brown Walter M. Fitch Linda Maxson Linda Maxson Ross A. Crozier  
1993 Walter M. Fitch Masatoshi Nei Linda Maxson Linda Maxson Caro-Beth Stewart  

@OfficialSMBE Feed

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From Chimps to Humans to Cold Sore Cousin Mixing Before Worldwide Spread

2017-05-11

Honing in on Culprit behind Fleece Variation in Domesticated Sheep

2017-05-08

2017-05-08

An Expanded History of Life on Earth at Your Fingertips

2017-05-08

Speciation and Genome Evolution in the Symbionts of Hominid Lice

2017-04-14

2017-04-13

2017-04-06

A Resource for Timelines, Timetrees, and Divergence Times

2017-04-06

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A Markov Clustering Approach to Study Population Genetic Structure

2017-04-05

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2017-03-29

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Eight Fast-Evolving Megacircles

2017-03-16

2017-03-15

New Insights from the Evolution of Human Chromosome 2 Ancestral Centromeric Region

2017-03-15

2017-03-13

2017-03-13

2017-03-01

the polycystine radiolarian Lithomelissa setosa (Nassellaria) and Sticholonche zanclea (Taxopodida). A phylogenomic approach using 255 genes finds Radiolaria and Foraminifera as separate monophyletic groups (together as Retaria), while Cercozoa is shown to be paraphyletic where Endomyxa is sister to Retaria. Analysis of the genetic components of the cytoskeleton and mapping of the evolution of these on the revised phylogeny of Rhizaria reveal lineage-specific gene duplications and neofunctionalization of α and β tubulin in Retaria, actin in Retaria and Endomyxa, and Arp2/3 complex genes in Chlorarachniophyta. We show how genetic innovations have shaped cytoskeletal structures in Rhizaria, and how single cell transcriptomics can be applied for resolving deep phylogenies and studying gene evolution in uncultured protist species.

GBE | Most Read

Genome Biology & Evolution

Extreme Mitogenomic Variation in Natural Populations of Chaetognaths

2017-06-14

Abstract
The extent of within-species genetic variation across the diversity of animal life is an underexplored problem in ecology and evolution. Although neutral genetic variation should scale positively with population size, mitochondrial diversity levels are believed to show little variation across animal species. Here, we report an unprecedented case of extreme mitochondrial diversity within natural populations of two morphospecies of chaetognaths (arrow worms). We determine that this diversity is composed of deep sympatric mitochondrial lineages, which are in some cases as divergent as human and platypus. Additionally, based on 54 complete mitogenomes, we observed mitochondrial gene order differences between several of these lineages. We examined nuclear divergence patterns (18S, 28S, and an intron) to determine the possible origin of these lineages, but did not find congruent patterns between mitochondrial and nuclear markers. We also show that extreme mitochondrial divergence in chaetognaths is not driven by positive selection. Hence, we propose that the extreme levels of mitochondrial variation could be the result of either a complex scenario of reproductive isolation, or a combination of large population size and accelerated mitochondrial mutation rate. These findings emphasize the importance of characterizing genome-wide levels of nuclear variation in these species and promote chaetognaths as a remarkable model to study mitochondrial evolution.

Unraveling the Population History of Indian Siddis

2017-06-14

Abstract
The Siddis are a unique Indian tribe of African, South Asian, and European ancestry. While previous investigations have traced their ancestral origins to the Bantu populations from subSaharan Africa, the geographic localization of their ancestry has remained elusive. Here, we performed biogeographical analysis to delineate the ancestral origin of the Siddis employing an admixture based algorithm, Geographical Population Structure (GPS). We evaluated the Siddi genomes in reference to five African populations from the 1000 Genomes project, two Bantu groups from the Human Genome Diversity Panel (HGDP) and five South Indian populations. The Geographic Population Structure analysis localized the ancestral Siddis to Botsawana and its present-day northeastern border with Zimbabwe, overlapping with one of the principal areas of secondary Bantu settlement in southeast Africa. Our results further indicated that while the Siddi genomes are significantly diverged from that of the Bantus, they manifested the highest genomic proximity to the North-East Bantus and the Luhyas from Kenya. Our findings resonate with evidences supporting secondary Bantu dispersal routes that progressed southward from the east African Bantu center, in the interlacustrine region and likely brought the ancestral Siddis to settlement sites in south and southeastern Africa from where they were disseminated to India, by the Portuguese. We evaluated our results in the light of existing historical, linguistic and genetic evidences, to glean an improved resolution into the reconstruction of the distinctive population history of the Siddis, and advance our knowledge of the demographic factors that likely contributed to the contemporary Siddi genomes.

The Genomic Impact of Gene Retrocopies: What Have We Learned from Comparative Genomics, Population Genomics, and Transcriptomic Analyses?

2017-06-14

Abstract
Gene duplication is a major driver of organismal evolution. Gene retroposition is a mechanism of gene duplication whereby a gene’s transcript is used as a template to generate retroposed gene copies, or retrocopies. Intriguingly, the formation of retrocopies depends upon the enzymatic machinery encoded by retrotransposable elements, genomic parasites occurring in the majority of eukaryotes. Most retrocopies are depleted of the regulatory regions found upstream of their parental genes; therefore, they were initially considered transcriptionally incompetent gene copies, or retropseudogenes. However, examples of functional retrocopies, or retrogenes, have accumulated since the 1980s. Here, we review what we have learned about retrocopies in animals, plants and other eukaryotic organisms, with a particular emphasis on comparative and population genomic analyses complemented with transcriptomic datasets. In addition, these data have provided information about the dynamics of the different “life cycle” stages of retrocopies (i.e., polymorphic retrocopy number variants, fixed retropseudogenes and retrogenes) and have provided key insights into the retroduplication mechanisms, the patterns and evolutionary forces at work during the fixation process and the biological function of retrogenes. Functional genomic and transcriptomic data have also revealed that many retropseudogenes are transcriptionally active and a biological role has been experimentally determined for many. Finally, we have learned that not only non-long terminal repeat retroelements but also long terminal repeat retroelements play a role in the emergence of retrocopies across eukaryotes. This body of work has shown that mRNA-mediated duplication represents a widespread phenomenon that produces an array of new genes that contribute to organismal diversity and adaptation.